In 2010 I’ve been flying with my colleague from our international leadership team meeting. We started to chat and she told me the story about her daughter studying in Switzerland far from home being in situation on her own. She found the apartment with other 4 students that were quite diverse set of individuals by gender and nationality. After the initial period of adjustment, there was supposed to be some order in the apartment regarding the facility sharing, cleaning, cooking etc. Quite interesting setup they made for cooking. It was like this:
- Every day other person cooks (roles are shared)
- They agreed upon a menu that week (delivered product)
- Every Sunday they make a list of supplies for cooking that week (product backlog – planning meeting)
- They have made some analysis and decided to buy a large amount of supplies to get discount and also delivery directly to home (improvement, optimize the whole)
- A meal should be liked by everyone (daily retrospective)
- Improvements in cooking skills over time have improved (continuous learning and improvement)
They have no “managers” (like mom and dad), they have no steering and they are the customers creating requirements and customer consuming the product. What a nice loop and example of a self-organized agile team.
Being part of management I was once introduced with the term “empowerment within borders“. If we think a bit deeper about it and its origin, it discloses the message to preserve the decision making, authority and structures… (and positions). It tells that borders are clear and determined, there are rules and people shall know them and follow. Those borders can be easily narrowed if something bad happens, or eventually widened if something very good happens. To my humble notice, it is the same like saying – please think ‘out of the box‘ within this box.
If we consider it in terms of innovations that come (exclusively) from people’s creativity and thinking – we expect from our organization and people to generate ideas, to think of new business models and add on a value for services and products. So we say – please do it – and by the way, here are your borders…
Recent research indicates some interesting results. In some animal species like apes, there is a hierarchy starting from the alpha male having the biggest power in the community. Results show that this power is connected to the two hormones: testosterone and cortisol. While the former is responsible for reduced fear, willingness to compete and take risks, the last is connected to the level of stress. Alpha males were having high testosterone and low cortisol level, while other males that were lower in the hierarchy were showing a higher level of cortisol and reduced testosterone.
If we assume, as researchers suggest, that those results are equivalent to the humans’, we may bluntly conclude that dis-empowered employees do have a higher cortisol level, thus exposed to the unnecessary level of stress.
Sending them to courses like “how to handle stress” or similar is then a short term measure and a fairly wasted investment if we don’t remove the real cause of their hormone dis-balance.
Who would imagine that leaders are actually biochemists!
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